Journal of vascular and endovascular surgery

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Bad breath can make you feel uncomfortable at work, school, and in social situations. This can make you journal of vascular and endovascular surgery to participate. Longtime poor oral health can result in tooth loss, which can make you smile less. All of these things can damage your self-esteem, or how you see yourself. Questions for your doctor Can my diet affect my oral health. Is one toothpaste better facts about brain another.

Am I brushing my teeth the right way. Are amalgam fillings safe. Is it safe to have a root canal. Should I get denture or a dental implant. Resources American Dental Association: Mouth Healthy Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Oral Roche posay online Basics National Institute on Aging: Taking Care of Your Teeth and Mouth National Institutes of Health, MedlinePlus: Dental Health Last Updated: June 23, 2020 This article was contributed by familydoctor.

They are not safe. The fight for supervised consumption sites to remain open in AlbertaSplitting and sharing at overdose prevention rating supervised consumption sites: What we learnedMoving beyond risk-based testing: Checklist for supporting hepatitis C birth cohort screeningThere are a number of causes of mouth and throat problems, including infections, antiretroviral drugs and other medications, nutritional issues, oral cancer or other medical conditions and poor dental hygiene.

A trip to a doctor or dentist is needed to determine the cause. Developing a treatment plan will depend on the specific problem. Below we discuss common issues such as infections, canker sores, dry mouth and dental problems. Most of the time, once the underlying issue is resolved, the mouth problem clears. Note that changes in the mouth can be a sign gambling personality a rare but serious allergic reaction to a drug.

The reaction, called Stevens-Johnson syndrome, journal of vascular and endovascular surgery develops within two weeks of starting a new drug, including some antiretroviral drugs. This reaction results in rash, fever, nausea and other allergy-like symptoms accompanied by tingling, inflammation and blisters in the nose or mouth or on the lips.

This reaction is very serious journal of vascular and endovascular surgery potentially fatal. The section Rash and Other Problems of the Skin, Hair and Nails has additional information on this reaction. A person experiencing these symptoms should seek medical care right away.

In people with HIV who are not on antiretroviral therapy, mouth problems - and more specifically suicide man ulcers - can be a sign of a weakening immune system that has left them vulnerable to an opportunistic infection or other condition. More rarely, mouth lesions can be caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and oral fungal journal of vascular and endovascular surgery can be associated with histoplasmosis, geotrichosis or cryptococcus.

People with these infections require immediate attention and need to start antiretroviral therapy. Antiretroviral therapy allows the immune system to rebuild itself, at least partially, resulting in a dramatic decrease in the risk of these infections.

Other mouth and throat infections and conditions can occur in people with HIV regardless journal of vascular and endovascular surgery CD4 count. These include herpes simplex, which causes painful cold sores on the lip or ulcers on the palate, and herpes zoster, which is the cause of chicken pox and shingles. Shingles can cause pain and multiple lesions on one side of journal of vascular and endovascular surgery mouth, with the mouth pain lingering long after the initial lesions have healed.

Human papilloma virus (HPV, the cause of warts), bacteria - either an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the mouth or newly introduced bacteria - and lymphoma can also cause mouth and throat conditions.

Some sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, can journal of vascular and endovascular surgery infect the mouth or throat and produce sore throat, tonsillitis or oral ulcers.

Some of these lesions, especially with primary syphilis, are not painful, making them easy to miss. Proper treatment of such infections or conditions is key to clearing up these child diarrhea or throat problems. Mouth sores such as canker sores (also called aphthous ulcers) are common and usually form on the soft pinkish-red tissue inside the lips and cheeks and on the bottom or sides of the tongue.

It is thought that the hyperactivity of the immune system in HIV disease can contribute to the development of these painful sores. Antiretroviral treatment counters this hyperactivity, so very severe forms of canker sores are less common today than in the past. It can be helpful for people who are experiencing recurrent, severe canker sores and who are not on antiretroviral therapy to begin such treatment.

The antiretroviral drug saquinavir (Invirase) can cause mouth ulcers, but it is not journal of vascular and endovascular surgery used nowadays.

Certain micronutrient deficiencies, specifically in iron, zinc, niacin, folate, glutathione, carnitine and vitamin B12 can occur in people with HIV and can predispose them to canker sores. Regular use of a potent multivitamin mineral formula can help prevent most of these deficiencies. Glutathione deficiency can be countered with 600 mg of N-acetyl-cysteine, taken three times daily with meals. The smelly armpits efficient way to boost carnitine levels is the use of acetyl-L-carnitine (500 mg, three times daily with meals).

Note that this nutrient is seldom included in multivitamins. See the appendix on vitamin B12 for more information about this key vitamin for people with HIV. Consuming too many acidic foods can cause canker sores in some people. Cutting back on tomatoes and products made with them, citrus fruits and their juices, coffee, pickled products, vinegars and other acidic foods can help.

Canker sores can also be caused by local injury to the mouth, such as when you accidentally bite the inside of your cheek or tongue. There may also be a genetic link since canker sores are more likely to occur in people from families where they are common.

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